Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), also known as "goat plague," is a highly lethal and contagious disease that affects small ruminants and camels. Symptoms include fever, discharge from the eyes and nose, swelling of the mouth, diarrhea, pneumonia, and difficulty breathing, sometimes leading to death. cause of disease is Morbilli virus and it is a member of the Paramyxoviridae family. PPR is defined as one of the most important diseases in the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), and countries are obliged to report the disease to the organization if it occurs.
Various discharge from the animal's body, such as discharge from the eyes, nose, mouth, and watery stools, contain large amounts of the Morbilli virus. Transmission of the virus in the form of infectious microorganisms during sneezing, coughing, airborne contamination, contact between the sick and healthy livestock, are the most important routes of transmission. Infectious secretions and leaks in the habitat of livestock such as aquifers, manure, and litter can also be a way of transmitting the disease, but for a long time, virus cannot survive outside the host's body. PPR epidemics can be controlled by animal movement control, proper carcass disposal, and vaccine use. The most effective way to control the disease is vaccination, which should be repeated annually in the endemic areas before the onset of the rainy season.
With the entry of Vira vaccine Shaya company into the field of production of livestock vaccines and relying on young and internal specialist and using the facilities available in the country, this company has been able to produce PPR vaccine brand under the brand name " Vira peste" in 2018 and make the country need.
Vira peste vaccine contains the vaccine strain Nigeria75/1, a product of the French company CIRAD, which has been discounted through 75 passages. The vaccine is provided by lyophilized process in 15 vial boxes. Each vial diluted with 1ml of solvent which is 100 doses of vaccine.
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